Soon after arriving in Peru 23 years ago, I heard about a strange, mystical place in the Andes Mountains, where there were hundreds of stone statues. It was said that Markawasi was ancient, beyond living memory, existing before the Incas, and the pre-Incas. It was related that there were heads and faces of human beings of different races, both male and female, and animal figures unknown on this continent. There were stories of dinosaurs and strange inscriptions carved into the rock; all this on a plateau located 4,000 meters above sea level, less than 100 km from the city of Lima. There was only one problem: nobody knew how to get there. Read more...
When I was first invited to visit Markawasi by Peter Schneider during the summer of 2005, I had no idea what was in store for me. “Oh, another remote geological site with some interesting stone formations” I thought to myself. “Well, after all, I have a Ph.D. in geology and geophysics, and I am rather fond of rocks, so what is the harm in looking at a few more? Besides, the Peruvian Andes are spectacular and always wonderful to visit.” Little did I realize the profound and life-altering experiences that were in store for me there, and that are in store for anyone who visits Markawasi with an open mind and a willingness to be moved by the power of the place. Read more...
There are many important facets of Markawasi, all pieces of an incredible, complex puzzle. There are twenty-two energy vortexes called ‘cruzes’, or crosses, made up of three distinct types of energy. There are three of the first type which are found in areas of limited access on the plateau--limited to those prepared to be near such powerful energy. The second type of cross, of which there are seven, are crosses that betoken the days of the week. There are twelve crosses of the third type, which have to do with the phases of the moon. Each cross has a specific healing power. The crosses, which are easily visible on the plateau, have an undeniable energy that can be felt without any special preparation or sensitivity. Carlos Seclan, a Peruvian student of Daniel Ruzo, had an extraordinary experience at one of the vortexes of Markawasi. He had been studying Markawasi for fifteen years when he had a car accident that left him paralyzed in bed for eleven months. With the finest doctors in Peru unable to treat him, he was told that he could not be healed, and would never walk again.
After having studied the energies of the stones and vortexes of Markawasi, he knew that there had to be some way to cure his broken back with the profound forces of the mountain. He knew that on a certain day, at a certain hour, at a certain vortex, there would be the appropriate energy to heal him. He convinced his friends to carry him up the mountain to the designated vortex, where they left him alone for seven days. Read more...
The Incas used older sites such as those of Sacsayhuaman, and Kenko, near Cusco. The principle stone in Kenko is encircled by cut stones pointing out an immense boulder that appears to be the remnant of a puma. Why would you mark a stone that has almost no form? This would be because you want to leave it as a ritual element, an offering, to the remains of prior epochs, to convey a mystery, or a truth. It was most probably a stone used long before the time of the Inca, and related to the existing sacred cave. All Inca sacred places have tunnels and ritual caves; all over the world we find the same story: the Mountain with the inner cavern; a burial place where you were 'reborn' in the purifying essence of the Mother earth.
The entire area above Cusco near Sacsayhuaman is a place with labyrinthine forms, caves with entries and exits, including markings like snakes, which show the underworld as a symbol. All of this cave culture, of underground water, of the universal virgin, is also related to Markawasi in that there is a devotion to a sacred place in the two elements of the Universe: as above, so below; the virgin with her different names: Pachamama, the earth mother, the European black virgins, and various other themes, having tremendous relation with the prayers to the mountain, the prayer to Mother Earth. Read more...
The most imposing of the sacred mountains on earth, the one that has the most beautiful decoration, is located at Lima’s door, 80 kilometers to the east, amid the peaks of the Andes. More than eighty-five centuries ago, a powerful people, forger of a complete culture, made a reservoir within this mountain from the seasonal rains in order to irrigate the surrounding lands during the dry season. The people converted the plateau into an impregnable fortress and a religious center with four enormous altars. They surrendered their dead to the condors and decorated the three square kilometers with hundreds of marvelous sculptures by which anyone must be impressed. It took so many hours of labor for the building and the decoration of these works, that we are assured that the people must have enjoyed hundreds of years of a flourishing economy. Read more
The district of San Pedro de Casta lies 80 km (49 miles) to the east of Lima in the province of Huarochiri. A region of Lima that makes up part of the Rimac valley where the water creates a basin. Found upon a gigantic geo-morphological surface that forms the branchs of the Andean mountain range, is found access to Markawasi. Traveling along the central highway, leaving the city of Lima, is the road to Chosica city. Here, the road becomes slower where the country lane begins, becoming a dirt and gravel lane, ... Read more
In the early part of 1957, I met and talked with Dr. Ruzo at his home near Lima, Peru, and I became convinced that the evidence he had accumulated through the years of research was indisputable. Through the kindness of this fine man, arrangements were made so that my expeditionary party, then working in Peru, might visit the fabulous plateau.
On June 7, 1957, we made our way on foot and on horseback over tortuous Andean trails to San Pedro de Casta and from there on up and up and up to the plateau itself. The native people of the village far below, descendants of the Huanca Indians, fear the plateau because they say it is an ancient place of ‘magicians’, ‘wizards’, or ‘Giant Gods’. Their ancestors, the Huancas, held their sacred rituals of ‘Huari’ at Marcahuasi (Markawasi). The word huari in the Quechua language means: giant or strong. Formerly, the ‘Huarinas’ (virgins in the worship of the god Huari) danced at the monolithic altars of Marcahuasi (Markawasi), casting their shadows upon stone figures carved in the days when the Earth was young. There are two altars that must have been used. One of these is now called ‘Mayoralas’. It is located over a hundred meters above an abyss, and the gigantic stones which form it face the sunset. The modern name of ‘Mayoralas’ is one applied to the maidens that sing and dance in the ritual festivals during the first week in October every year far below in San Pedro de Casta. The ancient name for the virgins was ‘Taquet’ (‘to sing’ in Quechua) and this is also another name for the stone altar whose stones apparently were carved to represent giant creatures in the act of singing. The figures are placed in such a way that special acoustic effects are permitted. This was part of the plan of the ancient builders who wanted the religious chants to be amplified.
The other altar of importance is called ‘Cancaucho’ and faces the sunrise. It is so gigantic it could hold a large modern army in front of it. On a little hill near this altar there is a king or priest sitting on a throne with his hands folded in prayer. Figure 3: shows ‘Cancaucho’ with its weird, snow-white facing. Figure 4: is the author exploring the surrounding area.
Why the festivals are no longer held at Marcahuasi (Markawasi) is not known, unless it is because of the fear of the place in general. Formerly, the ‘Huarinas’ were virgins; now the natives have dispensed with that requirement. Men of the village below say that the first night of the ritual in October is secret, and no white man may ever witness its dances or hear its strange songs, performed in hidden valleys in the surrounding hills. The second day the fiesta is held in town, and the local Catholic priest officiates, since it now has all the appearances of a Christian celebration, although it is, in reality, a ritual to the worship and adoration of ‘Huari’, the most ancient of all gods in this area. Read more...
Markawasi by Kathy Doore
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